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List of people killed by state armed forces in Dandakaranya during Operation Green Hunt, from its beginning on August 10, 2009 through December 2010”,

Posted by ajadhind on June 3, 2011

AN APPEAL

Dear Friends! This is the list of people killed by state armed forces in Dandakaranya from 10 August 2009, when the Operation Green Hunt was commenced, to 31 December 2010. Amidst immense state terror prevailing in Dandakaranya, it was not so easy to collect the names and other details of all those persons killed by state forces. Here, we have recorded the names of civilian people as well as armed Maoists, killed in both fake and real encounters. There may certainly be some more killed persons whose names were not known to us or gone completely unreported.

We request all of you to publish this list in your newspapers and websites so that the whole world could understand what kind of state voilence is going on upon the people of Dandakaranya.

(Gudsa Usendi)

Spokesperson

Dandakaranya Special Zonal Committee

Communist Party of India (Maoist)

 

 

POLICE KILLINGS IN DANDAKARANYA (From 10 Aug 2009-2010) IN OPERATION GREEN HUNT

Date

No. of People Killed

Name

Sex/Age

Native Village

Site of killing

Block/ District

How were they killed?

10-Aug-09

6

Oyam Sagar

M/30

Vecham

Between Oukyam and Vecham villages

Bijapur

All were caught and shot dead. Out of them the only girl Somli was our unarmed comrade. Rest were innocent peasants

Emla Pandru

M/25

Choukanpal

Hapka Lingu

M/25

Tati Lakmu

M/25

Etepadu

Tati Aitu

M/45

Karam Somli

F/16

Timmenar

13-Aug-09

2

Madkam Sannu

M/45

Keshmundi

Bhairamgarh/Bijapur

Killed in fake encounter

Podiyam Somdu

M/30

7-Sep-09

1

Kunjam Bhima

M

Duvvalkarka

Duvvalkarka

Dantewada

caught and shot dead

7-Sep-09

1

Madkam Raju

M/20

Timmenar

Bijapur

caught and shot dead

8-Sep-09

4

Sodi Sona

M/55

Gollagudem

Gollagudem

Dantewada

caught and shot dead but encounter not declared

Sodi Bheemal

M/45

Sodi Aite

F/25

Madivi Deval

M/50

13-Sep-09

1

Kavasi Sukram

M/25

Keskuttul

Bijapur

caught and shot dead

17-Sep-09

1

Madivi Deval

M/30

Singanmadugu

Singanmadugu

Dantewada

caught and killed in cold blood and not declared

17-Sep-09

5

Dudi Muye

F/70

Gachampally

Gachanpally

Dantewada

caught and killed in cold blood and not declared

Madivi Adamal

M/45

beaten unto death and not declared

Madakam Chulal

M/45

Madivi Jogal

M/60

Madivi Gangal

M/70

17-Sep-09

5

Paddem Deval

M/25

Dudi Pojjal

M/15

Sodi Masal

M/20

Gattampadu

Between Nallabelly and Gollapally villages

Dantewada

caught and killed in cold blood

Tuniki Sinnal

M/35

Sodi Shanesh

M/43

Palachelima

17-Sep-09

1

Dudi Adamal

M/35

  Paidagudem

26-Sep-09

3

Kalmu Gangi

F/50

Poojarikanker

Between Poojarikanker and Gunjur villages

Bijapur

caught separately when they were working in fields and shot dead

 

M/

Gunjur

 

M/

22-Sep-09

2

Sukhram Koudo

M

Kosronda

Kosronda

Kanker

SPOs killed these persons and thrown away their deadbodies in same village Kosronda. They put a poster to paint it as a Maoist killing

Lachhan Dhurwa

M

1-Oct-09

12

Madivi Bajaru

M/40

Gompad

Gompad

Dantewada

Killed in indiscriminate firing and not declared

Soyam Subba

M/35

Madivi Yenka

M/50

Soyam Subba

M/20

Soyam Jogi

F/18

Kartam Kanni

F/23

Madivi Mutti

F/10

Madivi Deval

M/35

Gopalpuram (AP)

Kartam Mutta

M/40

Chintaguppa

Musaki Deva

M/

Kunadabba

Kunjam Arly

M/17

Velpocha

Musaki Muka

M/32

Nulkatongu

1-Oct-09

1

Muchaki Handa

M/40

Dabba

Dantewada

caught and shot dead

7-Oct-09

1

Madakam Raju

M/20

Timmenar

Kamulur

Bijapur

This student activist was caught and shot dead

13-Oct-09

1

Podiyam Somdu

M/45

Kutul lakka

Kutul lakka

Bijapur

caught and shot dead

17-Oct-09

2

Kovasi Sukram

M/45

Kankagudem

Kankagudem

Bijapur

caught and shot dead

Madkam Sannu

M/45

23-Oct-09

1

Shyambatti @ Batti

F/20

Gattakal

Anjreli

Narayanpur

Caught in Padangal village and taken to Narayanpur. Police tortured and killed in cold blood. Her body thrown away in Anjrelli village and declared as encounter

24-Oct-09

1

Madivi Ungal

M/20

Gundam

Pusubaka

Bijapur

caught and shot dead

24-Oct-09

2

Sodi Gangi

F/40

Pujarikanker

Pujarikanker

Bijapur

raped and killed

24-Oct-09

2

Musaki Kosa M/25

Gunjur

Gunjur

Bijapur

caught and shot dead

Sodi Unga M/22

8-Nov-09

1

Gandam Sukram

M/38

Nangalgudem

Dantewada

Killed and declared as road accident

8-Nov-09

2

Dirdo Madka

M/60

Kachlaram

Kachlaram

Bhopalpatnam/Bijapur

indiscriminately fired and killed

Kovasi Suklu

M/65

10-Nov-09

7

Madkam Hunga

M/45

Tettemadugu

Killed at two different places

Konta/Dantewada

caught and shot dead

Madkam Hidma

M/30

Dudhi Rajal

M/50

Kartam Aital

M/30

Doragudem

Madkam Badral

M/25

Dokpad

Vendo Mangdu

M/27

Madivi Jogal

M/35

Palodi

15-Nov-09

1

Mansu Dhurwa

M/14

Markanar

Near Koelibeda

Kanker

7th Class student of Koelibeda High School. Killed in cold blood and declared as an encounter

20-Nov-09

1

Madkam Deva

M/40

Burgum

Kuvakonda/Dantewada

Killed in fake encounter

24-Nov-09

2

Madivi Baman

M/11

Pangodi

Pangodi

Usur/Bijapur

These persons were father and son who were caught and shot dead

Madivi Sadhu

M/11

27-Nov-09

1

Madkam Mangu

M/25

Hiroli

Kuvakonda/Dantewada

3-Dec-09

1

Madivi Budhram

M

Korinjed

Kachlaram

Bhopalpatnam/Bijapur

caught and shot dead

11-Dec-09

7

Kunjam Hurra

M/18

Gumiyapal

Sammeli

Kuvakonda/Dantewada

caught when they were asleep and taken away to Kirandul. Next day shot dead at a nearby village

Madivi Joga

M/25

Barse Somdu

M/30

Midiyam Bhuma

M/35

Midiyam Sukka

M/17

Madivi Gutta

M/40

Tati Hidma

M/25

Aranpur

11-Dec-09

1

Sitaram Korram

M/

Toter

Toter

Narayanpur

dragged from his house and tortured and shot dead then declared him as deputy commander of the local squad

15-Dec-09

2

Veko Sombaru

M/30

Kotrapal

Kotrapal

Bhairamgarh/Bijapur

caught and shot dead

Madivi Motli

F/25

21-Dec-09

3

Suklu Mandavi

M

Odsapara

Bijapur

A 150-member killer gang of SPOs and Police came from Bangapal and Kosoli Camps and picked these people from their villages and shot them dead

Lachhu Poyam

M

Karkaveda

Kosa Mandavi

M

30-Dec-09

2

Punem Pandru

M/45

Vechapal

Vechapal

Bijapur

These persons were father and son who were caught and shot dead

Punem Motu

M/20

7-Jan-10

1

Korsa Munna

M/18

Mankeli

Mankeli

Bijapur

Caught and killed

9-Jan-10

4

Madivi Bandi

F/34

Surpangudem

Near Chintalnar

Konta/Dantewada

caught and shot dead

Kalmu Paiki

F/25

Midiyam Gujja

M/18

Ursa Unga

M/20

Durvondarbha

11-Jan-10

3

Hapka Sombaru

M/17

Kotrapal

Kotrapal

Bhairamgarh/Bijapur

Caught and killed

Emla Sukku

M/35

Boggami Raju

M/20

12-Jan-10

1

Madkam Joga

M/22

Kottagudem

Rangaiguda

Konta/Dantewada

caught and shot dead

15-Jan-10

2

Madkam Handa

M/25

Rangaiguda

Podiyam Raju

M/20

Permapara

17-Jan-10

1

Kalmu Chamru

M/35

Kaika

Kaika

Bijapur

Caught and shot dead

20-Jan-10

2

Mahesh Dhurwa

M/25

Kakbaras

Near Antagarh

Kanker

Police arrested these persons in Eekdand village on Jan 20 and killed after torturing them for sevaral days. Their dead bodies were found near a river on Jan 31 and a story concocted that unknown persons were killed.

Karthik Usendi

M/25

Kotul

23-Jan-10

4

Kunjam Motu

M/24

Kutrem

Between Kutrem and Kakadi hills

Kuvakonda/Dantewada

All of these innocent people were caught and killed.

Kunjam Bhima

M/25

Porokakad

Kunjam Hurra

M/20

Sammeli

Kadti Bhima

M/25

26-Jan-10

1

Nadugu Nureti

M/40

Kosronda

Raoghat/Kanker

picked up from his house and put an olive green uniform on him and killed in cold blood and then declared as encounter

29-Jan-10

1

Sudhakar Korram

M/22

Remawand village

Narayanpur

He was an unarmed member of our organization who was killed in indiscriminate firing and declared as encounter death

2-Feb-10

2

Emla Mangu

M/27

Paralnar

Paralnar

Gangalur/Bijapur

Caught and shotdead; Emla Mangu was PLGA member, while Lakshmi was village girl

Badse Lakshmi

F/20

3-Feb-10

7

Rama Kalmami

M/22

Takilod

Takilod

Bijapur

Police and SPOs team attacked village Takilod caught 14 people and selectevely Killed these 7 in most inhuman way

Asharam Emla

M/25

Jayram Emla

M/30

Anantram Veko

M/30

Motu Barsa

M/35

Raju Murami

M/20

Anatram Kalmami

M/2

3-Feb-10

1

Korsa Lakmu

M/40

Regadgatta

Cherpal

Bijapur/Bijapur

Caught and shot dead by joint forces

7-Feb-10

5

Santu Potai

M/25

Matala

Ongnar

Narayanpur

All of these were caught and killed in cold blood

Phoolo Vadde

F/22

Ongnar

Kade Potai

M/20

Addempad

Ramoli Vadde

F/22

Onapad

Dalsai Korram

M/22

Mandoki

9-Feb-10

1

Punem Ungal

M/30

Pottenar

Pottenar

Bhairamgarh/Bijapur

caught and shot dead

17-Feb-10

1

Kursam Pandru

M/20

Gornam

Gornam

Bijapur

caught and killed

10-Feb-10

1

Kumili

F/22

Paiveru

Dumnar

Narayanpur

She was working in a farm run by Janatana Sarkar. SPOs and Informers caught her. They gangraped her and brutally beheaded

2-Apr-10

1

Soma Kadiyami

M/40

Kandadi

Near Kesekodi

Kanker

Taken away from village and shot him dead in cold blood

4-May-10

2

Lalsingh

M/22

Nariya

Rajubeda

Narayanpur

Sourrounded the local youth shot from point-blank

Sukhlal

M/20

Bailapad

16-May-10

2

Vanjami Malla

M/18

Gumiyapal

Gumiyapal

Kirandul/Dantewada

Shot dead and declared as encounter

Kunjami Aitu

M/23

Kutrem

19-May-10

1

Midiyam Bandi

M/27

Etem

Etem

Gadiras/Dantewada

Caught and shot dead

2-Jun-10

1

Sukhda Achla

M

Silparas Mettatola

Vala

Kanker

killed in indiscriminate firing on village youth

3-Jun-10

1

Maddal

M/14

Angmetta

Angmetta

Bijapur

Caught by SPOs while he was alone and stabbed to death

20-Jun-10

2

Deve

F/25

Indravati Area

Kohkametta

Narayanpur

Both were killed in indiscriminate firing by Police while they were cooking food for guerillas in village. Deve was a PLGA fighter, while Shivcharan was an unarmed villager.

Shivcharan

M/23

Muhandi

7-Jul-10

1

Oyam Mangu

M/19

Tarrem

Nakulnar

Kuvakonda/Dantewada

This PLGA fighter was killed in fierce fighting during PLGA raid on notorious Awadhesh Goutam’s house

24-Jul-10

1

Jagesh Koudo

M/

Gummer

Gummer

Raoghat/Kanker

no details

4-Aug-10

1

Kunjami Joga

M/23

Kutrem

Kutrem

Kirandul/Dantewada

Koya Commandos etc raided the village and shot dead while he was stepping out of his house.

11-Aug-10

3

Madkam Hidma

M/21

Rangaiguda

Rangaiguda

Konta/Dantewada

Killed in fake encounter by Koya Commandos

Veko Bojja

M/33

Bhima

M/25

17-Aug-10

1

Chaite

M/28

Enhur_NBT

Usebeda

Orchha/Narayanpur

SPOs with the help of some local informers caught this ACM level comrade while she was alone near a camp and killed in cold blood after gangrape.

9-Sep-10

1

Veko Kotlu

M/35

Kotrapal

Kotrapal

Bhairamgarh/Bijapur

Killed in a fake encounter

21-Sep-10

2

Vetti Hadma

M/22

Gommugudem

Usoor

Usoor/Bijapur

Both were killed in a real encouter

Oyam Budral

M/20

8-Oct-10

6

Names unknown

Sawargaon

Sawargaon

Dhanora/Gadchiroli

All of these were innocent villagers and school children, who were killed in indiscriminate mortar shelling by ITBP merceneries belonging to Kohka basecamp in Rajnandgaon district of CG, fired mortar shells who had gone mad after they were ambushed by PLGA in which 3 of their jawans were killed

9-Oct-10

8

Kosa @ Aitu

M/30

WBT

Padkipali

Sankara/Mahasamund

Out of 8 persons killed, only 6 were PLGA guerillas, laid down their lives while fighting with the enemy forces inflicting injuries to two STF personnel, whereas Goutam Patel and a labourer at his house were unarmed and innocent villagers who were dragged out of their house and shot dead in cold blood. Thus, it was partially real encounter.

Anita @ Natasha

F/25

Gattakal/NBT

Arjun @ Chandu

M/24

Pollevaya-IV area

Parvati

F/21

NBT

Rajbati

F/20

NBT

Lachhu

M/19

Usebeda-Maad

Goutam Patel

M/?

Padkipali

One labour

M/?

Padkipali

13-Oct-10

2

Madivi Masa

M/21

Gornam

Gornam

Bijapur

Caught and shot dead and declared as encounter

Sodhi Baman

M/25

15-Oct-10

2

Joga Kowasi @ Nagesh

M/36

Palodi-SBT

Bhilai

Durg

Both were were caught from Bhilai suburban area and shot dead and declared it as encounter

Prameela Mandavi

F/22

Pulunj-NBT

19-Oct-10

2

Kursam Kistaiah

M/24

Kottapally

Kottapally

Madded/Bijapur

Shot dead and declared as encounter and one young woman Kursam sangeeta (24) was arrected

Kursam Nagesh

M/23

21-Oct-10

2

Oyam Mangu

M/25

Burigil

Burigil

Gangalur/Bijapur

Killed when police fired indiscriminately on villagers

Oyam Manku

M/17

22-Oct-10

1

Unknown

M/

Kolar

Kanker

Police claimed this killing, has to be confirmed

25-Oct-10

1

Sannau Nuroti

M/30

Nibra

Madapa forest between Tadoki and Raoghat

Antagarh/Kanker

Caught from his house and next day killed in a fake encounter and declared him a platoon commander

23-Nov-10

9

Emla Phagu

M/21

Silinger

Jegurugonda/Mettaguda Para

Jegurgonda/Dantewada

All were killed in a fake encounter while they were on sentry duty to protect their crops

Korsa Madhu

M/25

Silinger

Korsa Sukkal

M/29

Silinger

Kunjam Suresh

M/29

Timpuram

Atami Bandi

M/26

Durvondarbha

Kadti Subbal

M/21

Durvondarbha

Uike Dula

M/22

Messum

Uike Sannu

M/21

Messum

Oyam Hidma

M/18

Vedire

10-Dec-10

2

Sadimek Laxmaiah

M/30

Gorli

Gorugonda

Bhadrakali/Bijapur

Caught and shot dead

Micha Bhima

M/30

Gorgonda

14-Dec-10

2

Shyam Shankar

M/21

Kandanar

Netanar

Darbha/Bastar

Caught and shot dead

Mahru

M/35

Koleng

TOTAL

181

 

Posted in NAXALISM, Press Releases, REALITY, Salwa Judum | Tagged: , | 2 Comments »

LONG LIVE INDIAN DEMOCRACY!!!

Posted by ajadhind on December 27, 2008

SOURCE
MLA kills engineer.
AURAIYA: MK Gupta, the state government employee who was murdered, allegedly by a Bahujan Samaj Party MLA and his associates in Auraiya near Etawah in southwestern Uttar Pradesh, was subjected to electric shocks and brutally beaten up, causing a brain haemorrhage that proved fatal, his autopsy has revealed.
Gupta, an executive engineer in the public works department, was beaten to death, allegedly by local BSP legislator Shekhar Tiwari and his accomplices, after he supposedly refused to cough up a “huge sum” for the birthday celebration of Mayawati.She denied the charge and also rejected the opposition’s demand for a probe by the CBI.
“The executive engineer had 32 injuries on his body, including head injuries leading to brain haemorrhage and a fracture in his hand,” said Auraiya chief medical officer Dr Karan Singh, who led the panel of doctors that conducted the post-mortem.
He said the 48-year-old was beaten up badly and there were “signs of electric shocks being given to him by the assailants”.

Posted in IN NEWS, REALITY, UTTAR PRADESH | Tagged: , , | Leave a Comment »

TRAILORS OF FUTURE INDIA!?

Posted by ajadhind on December 19, 2008

SEZ’s, private corridors what more for us? here is an example of what may happen when everything goes into hands of private capitalists.
source

Indias costliest toll road opened its gates here on Thursday, instantly triggering a wave of public and political anger at the high fee levied on motorists.
The toll booths put up by the Nandi Infrastructure Corridor Enterprise (NICE) on its 41-km Peripheral Road and 9.1 km Link Road loomed over the motorists, as if to proclaim: Pay heavy, No more free rides!Political leaders, irrespective of their party affiliations, agreed that the toll was very high and a heavy burden on the middle class people. For the Congress and the JD(S) leaders, the ruling BJP was to blame for the heavy tariff. BJP state president D V Sadananda Gowda said he would speak to the minister concerned.
Caught off guard by the new pay-and-use rule, motorists got stuck at the toll collection points, causing huge traffic jams. But what summed up the public mood was this lament by Palani, a truck driver from Krishnagiri who had been driving trucks for nearly 29 years: “They have charged me Rs 145 for a distance of 30 kilometre from Nelamangala to Hosur Road. Is this fair?”The traffic pile-up had begun early on Thursday morning. Vehicles from Kanakapura road, Bannerghatta road moving towards Mysore Road and those from Hosur Road, Tumkur Road heading towards Mysore Road were caught in the chaos. Yet, despite paying a heavy toll, it was not a smooth ride for commuters who had to endure the rugged, incomplete patch of dirt roads on the NICE road.On the first day of the toll collection, the Nandi Economic Corridor Enterprise (NECE), a sub-division of NICE, was in active mode. It was exclusively commissioned for the collection of the fee, besides operation and maintenance of the toll gates.Ashok Kheny, Managing Director, NICE, had his defence ready to a query on the high toll: “The tariff for the BMIC was informed to the State government and a gazette notification was issued as early as 2000.Since then the toll has been the same. Anything I do, I do it legally and I never break the law,” he told Deccan Herald.But he could be in for more trouble since the JD(S) has responded to the toll in strong words. As the party’s state president and former chief minister H D Kumaraswamy put it, the JD(S) struggle against the company will continue. Here’s what JD(S) national president H D Deve Gowda had to say: “All I can say is that NICE has the complete support of Chief Minister B S Yeddyurappa in imposing a heavy toll on the people.”n NICE toll much higher than NH user fee,

Posted in IN NEWS, KARNATAKA, REALITY | Tagged: , , , | Leave a Comment »

Uprooted,Abondoned.

Posted by ajadhind on March 24, 2008

source

The ruthless economics of development ensures that displacement is defined in the narrowest terms possible, says GLADSON DUNGDUNG

Satish Kishku at a public rally
Everything has changed in the last 60 years of independence in India but the unending pain of “displacement” has become as part and partial of the life of 50 years old Satish Kishku of Takkipur village, situated near Canada Dam widely known as Mayurakshi Dam of Dumka district in Jharkhand. Kishku’s family was displaced for the first time when he was merely 10 years old. The family had more than enough land for sustaining their generation for years. But their land was acquired for the Dam and the family was given merely 2 acres of land with little money in the name of rehabilitation. The remaining amount of compensation is still hanging in the government office. Now Satish Kishku lives in a small hut with 10 members of his family including his grandchildren and earns livelihood from daily wages.
Satish Kishku had lost his mental balance in February last year when the government officials had gone to conduct survey in his village as the state government of Jharkhand has proposed a Steel Plant in the areas, where 12 villages including Satish Kishku’s village Takipur, Kulvanti, Ektala, Sukhjoda and Naraungi village of Raneswar block will face the agony of displacement once again. All these 12 villages were rehabilitated out of 144 villages, which submerged in the Mayurakshi Dam in 1967. The irony is that the Dam was constructed for the irrigation purposes but water does not reach to the rehabilitated villages because water supply has been stopped since1993 but at the same time, the water has regularly been supplied to the state of West Bengal. The electricity, health and sanitation facilities are not available in these villages.
Most of the displaced families across the country have more or less the same pathetic story as Satish Kishku has. Those who surrendered their land, forest, water, culture and identity for the Dam, Industry, Mining and development projects are struggling for survival today. Their children are with bare back, empty stomach, malnourished, illiterate and without shelter today. And those who resisted against it were coined as the “Anti National” or “Naxalites” so that the ruling elites can get a license to kill them and nobody can question about their cruel and inhuman acts. In both the cases tribals, Dalits and Poor are the losers. But does it mean that these people will stop claiming their ownership rights over land, forest and water which their ancestors have protected for them?

The 60 years of independence has taught many lessons to the displaced people about the politics of development, displacement and rehabilitation therefore this time they are determined not to surrender their livelihood resources at any cost for the sake of development though the governments promise them for a rehabilitation package. According to Shatish Kishku, the “rehabilitation package” is the most dangerous weapon to betray the poor. He questions that how can trees, culture and identity be rehabilitated from place one to another? Now he is putting hard work to mobilized people under the banner of “Krishi Bhumi Raksha Samity” and fighting against the displacement proposed by the state government of Jharkhand at Raneswar.
He was one among those 10 thousand displaced people of Jharkhand, Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar and Manipur, gathered at Rourkela on 9 March, 2008 to raise their voices, share the agony of displacement and chock out their strategy for the struggle against displacement, SEZ Policy and communal fascism. Their core slogans are “Stop displacement in the name of development”, “Jindal, Mittal, Tata and Bata go back”, “Withdraw the unjust SEZ policy”, “We will neither give our life nor land” and “Don’t kill people in the name of religion”. These people have taken pledge not to give even one inch of land for Industry, Dam, Mining, Power Plant and any other development project. The three leading alliances Crej Jan Mukti Andolan, Voice for Child Rights and Nafre Jan Andolan are facilitating the whole processes to unite villagers, People’s Organizations and people’s movements in a platform to challenge the unjust policies of the state and central governments. The Convener of Crej Jan Mukti Andolan K.C. Mardi who played a crucial role in throwing out Jindal Steel, Bhushan Steel and Essar Steel from the Kolhan areas of Jharkhand last year says that the 60 years of Independence has only given tears to the tribals and local inhabitants. They are betrayed in the name of development therefore we have taken pledge for not giving even an inch of land for Industry, Dam and Mining. The member of Nafre Jan Andolam Lakhi Das says, “We oppose the corporate development model and SEZ policy, which induce displacement, destroy the livelihood resources, culture and identity of tribal and poor therefore now we are determined not to lose our remaining livelihood resources for the sake of development”.
But the fundamental questions are that why people do not want to give their land for the Industries, Dam and development projects? Why they are throwing out Jindal, Bhushan and Essar Steels from their land, who can provide them job? And why people are raising their voices everywhere against displacement and SEZ policy in the country? One must have to go back to the history of displacement to understand that why these people are against of development projects today. One would be shocked to see the data which suggests that after the independence, approximately 3 crore people were displaced for setting up the Power Plants, Irrigation Projects, Mining Companies, Steel Industries and many more development projects in the country. Among them, 40 percent displaced people are tribals and 20 percent are Dalits, which means the 60 percent displaced people are from the marginalized communities, who sacrificed everything for the sake of the “development” but they are still untouched of the development.
The data of Jharkhand shows that 24,15,698 acres of land were acquired in the name of development, where 17,10,787 people were displaced. In every project approximately 80 to 90 percent tribals and local people were displaced. Merely 25 percent people were halfway rehabilitated but there are also in the miserable conditions and no one has any idea about the rest of 75 percent displaced people. The benefits of all these development projects were only enjoyed by the Landlords, Project Officers, Engineers, Contractors, Beaurocrats, Politicians and outsiders.
Another thing is that there are numerous laws made for protection of the rights of underprivileged people but these were never enacted honestly. The Chota Nagpur Tenancy Act 1908 and Santhal Pargana Tenancy Act prohibit the sale and transfer of tribal land to non tribals but the land were snatched from tribals in the name of development. The constitutional rights, provisions for the sixth scheduled Areas and the Extension of Panchayat Act 1996 were never been implemented with the true spirit in the tribal regions. The ruling elites always misused these laws for their benefits.
The government of India is unable to make the rehabilitation policy even after the 60 years of independence but SEZ policy was introduced. Similarly, when the Jharkhand state was created the first chief minister Babula Marandi brought the Industrial Policy and his successor Arjun Munda even went two steps forward and created history in signing MoU but at the same time, the same state is not able to make a rehabilitation policy even after 7 years. This is why the intention of the state was always questioned and the people are resisting against displacement eveywhere. The people were displaced from one place to another in the name of development but they were not rehabilitated. Hence they feel that they are betrayed in the welfare state in the name of “development”. The marginalized people of this country have lost their faith on the governance that is the major shift, where they are firmly decided not to allow laying down the foundation of the corporate development model over their graves.
The displacement is not just shifting people from one place to another but it is destruction of their livelihood resources, culture and identity which they develop by nourishing for the ages. The resources are sold at market rate and production power of the poor has been changed into service providers. Those who were engaged in producing grains now work as domestic workers, care takers of bigwigs and daily wage labourers therefore it is indeed need of the hour to rethink on the present development model because the “state” is duty bound to create atmosphere where people can enjoy their rights and privilege guaranteed by the constitution of India.
Gladson Dungdung is a Human Rights Activist associated with “Child Rights and You”

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