peoples march

from the people against injustice in the society

Months of planning went into Naxal attacks

Posted by ajadhind on April 18, 2009

NEW DELHI: In a well coordinated action spanning five states, over 700 armed Red ultras did exactly what they planned for the first day of polling.
The violence unleashed by them in defiance of the presence of over 50,000 security personnel claimed 19 lives, while the fate of several villagers abducted by the Maoists was not known till late on Thursday evening. Though the number of polling booths affected by their attacks remained quite low (71 out of 76,000 across all Naxal-affected states), the well-choreographed violence succeeded in keeping voters away from polling stations in almost all naxal-affected parliamentary constituencies in Bihar, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Orissa and Maharashtra. The Maoists — as reported by TOI on Monday — had planned such attacks in February when they asked their cadres to prepare for simultaneous attacks in the run-up to polls to scare voters. Accordingly, they had launched attacks in Orissa, Bihar, Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh early this month, taking 48 lives — including 42 security personnel — in the past nine days. Officials claimed the attack only proved right their decision to hold polls in all the naxal-affected states together and in the first phase itself. The decision gave security forces from outside three weeks to work out a partnership with their counterparts already deployed there and to achieve area domination, besides better coordination among agencies in different states. They said that spreading the polls in the naxal-affected areas over two phases would not have given security forces the time to familiarise themselves with the topography and establish area domination. It would have also helped naxalites, adept at swiftly moving resources, to attack more targets. Security agencies stressed that it was not a one-sided affair. Ultras too had to face reverses in the wake of counter-attack by local cops in coordination with BSF and CRPF. But, the casualties among the security forces — 11 out of 19 — exposed their vulnerability in Red zones. Officials in the home ministry said majority of casualties occurred due to BSF’s failure to follow standard operating procedures (SOPs). Ten troopers lost their lives in a landmine blast in Latehar in Jharkhand as they preferred to travel in a bus even on the landmine-prone tracks — against the usual practice of walking through such areas, they added. Officials mentioned how such a precautionary step taken by CRPF men saved their lives a day before when they got down from their vehicle while passing through the vulnerable area in Jharkhand. As a result, their bus was blown up, but it didn’t result in major casualties. Incidentally, the home ministry reminded the paramilitary forces to follow the same SOPs in the naxal areas in the wake of the Jharkhand incident on Wednesday. BSF chief M L Kumawat, however, blamed such incidents on poor intelligence.

2 Responses to “Months of planning went into Naxal attacks”

  1. Ganapathi (Muppala Lakshman Rao)
    General Secretary
    Communist Party of India-Maoist

    Open Letter

    July 3, 2009

    Re: Request for comment on schools in Jharkhand and Bihar

    Dear General Secretary:

    I am a researcher in the children’s rights division of Human Rights Watch, one of the world’s leading independent organizations dedicated to defending and protecting human rights. Human Rights Watch is a nonprofit, nongovernmental organization. Established in 1978, Human Rights Watch is known for its accurate fact-finding, impartial reporting, effective use of media, and targeted advocacy. Each year, Human Rights Watch publishes more than 100 reports and briefings on human rights conditions in some 80 countries.

    In May and June of 2009 we conducted an investigation in Jharkhand and Bihar on the issues of attacks on schools and the police use of schools. We are extremely concerned about the detrimental effect that both these attacks and occupations have on children’s ability to access education. We will soon be issuing a report based on information collected during the research mission. Before we issue this report, however, we wish to solicit your comment and views on these issues.

    First, we would be interested in learning your perspective on the use of schools by police and paramilitary police.

    Second, we would like to learn your perspective on attacks preliminarily believed to have been carried out by armed groups associated with your Party on schools, which, at the time of the attacks, were not occupied or being used by the police or paramilitary.

    In particular, we would like to receive your comment on the following incidents:

    In Bihar:

    – Choramara Middle School, in Jamui district, attacked on or around March 31, 2009.

    – Buniyadi Middle School, Patluka, in Gaya district, attacked on April 4, 2009.

    – Primary school in Bhimbandh Wildlife Sanctuary area, in Munger district, attacked on or around April 6, 2009.

    – Bhaluhar Middle School, in Gaya district, attacked on April 7, 2009.

    – Gosain-Pesraa Middle School, in Gaya district, attacked on April 14, 2009.

    – Chonha Middle School, in Gaya district, attacked on or around April 25, 2009.

    – Deora Middle School, in Aurangabad district, attacked on May 5, 2009.

    – Chaharkbandha Middle School, in Gaya district, attacked on June 14, 2009.

    In Jharkhand:

    – Dwarika Middle School, in Palamu district, attacked on November 29, 2008.

    – Belhara High School, in Palamu district, attacked on April 9, 2009.

    – Barwadih Primary School, in Palamu district, attacked on April 11, 2009.

    – Dantar Middle School, in Chatra district, attacked on or around June 22, 2008.

    – Chak Middle School, in Palamu district, attacked on or around September 28, 2008.

    – Satbahni Primary School, in Chatra district, attacked on October 2, 2008.

    – Nitar Primary School, in Palamu district, attacked on March 21, 2009.

    – Saryu Primary School, in Latehar district, attacked on March 31, 2009.

    – Banlaat village school, in Gumla district, attacked on March 31, 2009.

    – Kiukra (Khukhra) Middle School, in Giridih district, attacked on April 18, 2009.

    – Narayanpur village school, in Chatra district, attacked on April 21, 2009.

    Any information that you provide to us by August 15, 2009, would reach us in time for it to be reflected in our upcoming report. I can be reached by email at, by fax to +1 212 736 1300, or by mail at Human Rights Watch, 350 Fifth Avenue, 34th floor, New York, NY 10118-3299, U.S.A.


    Bede Sheppard
    Asia Researcher
    Children’s Rights Division
    Human Rights Watch

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